What is Anorexia Nervosa?
Anorexia is an Eating Disorder characterized by food intake restriction and significant weight loss, accompanied by a distorted body image conception. Anorexia is a severe psychological disorder and is life threatening. As opposed to common misconception, Anorexia effects ALL genders, sexual identities, socio economic status’, religions, ages and varying body types.
Types of Anorexia
This subtype of Anorexia Nervosa consists of only restrictive tendencies when it comes to food. Individuals with restrictive Anorexia are most commonly perceived as highly disciplined and “having a strong sense of control”. These individuals consume significantly less than deemed appropriate for their height an weight.
This subtype of Anorexia Nervosa consists of limiting food intake and then purging after consuming food. Purging is done to compensate for food intake, this may serve as the purpose to numb strong feelings and emotions, and is masked as a fear of gaining weight.
- Bradycardia – heart rate <60
- Hypotension – <90 mmHg systolic
- Mitral Valve Prolapse
- Chest pain
- Electrolyte Imbalances
- Kidney stones, kidney failure
- Liver disease
- Hormonal disruptions, infertility, miscarriage, lower birth weight, PPD
- Yellow skin
- Decreased Bone density, osteoporosis, growth retardation, Fractures
- Cognitive Impairment
- Hair Loss
- Cold Intolerance – blue extremities
- Numbness/Tingling in extremities
- GI problems, bloating, constipation, non-focal abdominal pain
- Weak muscles, swollen joints, fractures,
- Fatigue, lethargy
Caveat: Restrictive Anorexics typically have normal electrolytes and other labs.
AN Personality/Temperament Features
- Anxious, Harm Avoidant
- Deprivation Oriented
- Sensitive to Emotional Pain
- Difficulty Expressing Emotions
AN Psychological Symptoms
- Social Withdrawal
- Change in Personality
- Mood Swings